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This approach is typically used to inform other researchers and academics about the latest advances in health research with the goal of advancing science.

However, in recent years, the importance of translating health research across all Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum groups has been recognised17 26 to facilitate better uptake of research into practice and reduction of research waste, and to achieve broader and greater research impact. As such, KT has evolved and broadened in scope to include translation and dissemination of Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum for a wider range of knowledge users (eg, clinicians, policymakers, patients and the public).

Since these audiences have different Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum needs and will use the information for different purposes, alternative KT strategies have been proposed.

Alternative KT strategies typically include activities and devices such as plain language summaries, evidence briefs, practice guidelines, educational outreach, mass media, toolkits, opinion leaders or financial incentives.

Arts-based Conventional wisdom strategies can be broadly grouped into three categories, visual (photographs, drawings), literary (poetry) or performance (eg, theatre, narrative-based arts), and are used to translate key, educative messages to broader audiences. This is a considered a strength that may result in unique and improved ways of disseminating research-based evidence that can appeal to more diverse audiences than traditional scientific presentations and posters.

For example, Islam et al 35 found that only 0. Broadband study found improved Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum knowledge using a pre-post survey. While the interest in KT and using arts-based KT strategies such as theatre continues to grow Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum details on its Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum aim, development, production, implementation and evaluation are still unknown.

To date there has not been a review that has focused solely on the arts-based strategy of theatre. This will be the first review to collate and understand the current state of science on the use of theatre as a KT strategy for dissemination. This review will act as the foundation for a potential new programme of research regarding Sodium Chloride Injection (Normal Saline)- Multum arts-based KT strategies, thus we have chosen to use a scoping review methodology.

By doing so, it will allow us to first obtain a broad and general understanding of the use of theatre as a KT strategy for health-related information. We Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum investigate the types of theatre being used, populations being targeted, messages being conveyed, what outcomes are being assessed and the methods of evaluation.

In this way, we can identify current gaps in literature, determine the need for a full systematic review of effectiveness and develop additional research questions and methodologies to advance the field.

By this we mean establishing a foundational understanding of how theatre has Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum used and evaluated as a KT strategy, including target audiences, health topics addressed, types of theatre employed and the research study designs and outcomes assessed. This will enable us to identify the knowledge gaps regarding Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum use and Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum methods of theatre as a strategy for KT and provide guidance and suggestions for future research.

Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum meet our objective of understanding the state of science for the arts-based KT strategy of theatre used in a health research context, we will ask the following questions related to population, concept and context:What is the KT aim(s) of theatre (eg, awareness, knowledge, skill development, behaviour change). How has the theatre-based KT strategy been evaluated in terms of outcomes and study design.

The search strategy for this review was informed by strategies in previous systematic reviews on KT strategies. The final search strategy was developed iteratively with the research team and can be found in online supplementary file 1.

The search will be conducted from inception in the following databases: PubMed, CINHAL and OVID. These databases were chosen to capture a comprehensive body of literature from health sciences disciplines.

Reference lists of key articles will be hand-searched by the review team to capture any papers missed in the electronic searches. The search results will be imported into Covidence review management software42 and duplicate citations removed. For duplicate screening, two authors will independently screen each citation and document their results on the review spreadsheet. Prior to full-text Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum, reviewers will meet again to discuss uncertainties for inclusion Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum danny johnson criteria.

Studies will be coded in the same way as in title and abstract screening, in preparation for data extraction. Studies that report specifically on the use of theatre as means of KT of health-related information that is derived from health research sources (published peer-reviewed research or practice guidelines) with any target population (public, patients, workers, care providers) will be included in the review.

Theatre productions that are based on information sources not supported by research such as opinion papers or magazine articles in which the supporting research cannot be verified will be excluded. Studies in any language will be included proving an accurate translation can be performed. A standardised data extraction form will be developed in Excel and pilot tested by the review team to allow reviewers to systematically chart the data.

Online supplementary file 3 includes a sample data abstraction chart highlighting the data variables that will Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum extracted from each of the articles included in the review.

Reviewers will then meet with the lead investigator and discuss any uncertainties encountered during extraction, additional data elements they feel should be included, or any other feedback on the data extraction form to determine if the form needs to be refined.

Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum will Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum descriptive statistics to produce numerical summaries related to study characteristics, KT strategy characteristics and evaluation characteristics.

We will provide a more detailed narrative synthesis for the theatre KT strategy, including the development of the theatre script (eg, how the health information was sourced, how key messages were distilled, who was involved in the key message process, how the Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum messages were integrated into the theatre script, if integrity of the key messages was maintained in the script and details about how Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum this process took and how much it cost to develop) and production details (eg, how many actors, duration, cost, and so on) as well as enactment details (eg, involvement of consumers or audience).

Further, we will use the data extracted to classify the styles of theatre into four arts-based KT categories using the classification schema of arts-based KT strategies as reported by Archibald and colleagues. For example, we will provide a descriptive summary of all studies that evaluated outcomes in two main areas: implementation and effectiveness. Implementation outcomes of KT strategies relate to acceptability, reach, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity and implementation cost.

In cases where there is disagreement regarding data extraction or analysis that cannot be resolved through consensus, a third senior reviewer will help resolve the conflict. The summary of data will highlight the similarities, patterns and differences in the Nora-BE (Norethindrone Tablets)- Multum theatre is being used for the KT of health information as reported in the literature.

While details about those studies that evaluated theatre-based KT strategies will be summarised, assessment of quality will not be undertaken as quality assessment is beyond the scope of this review.



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