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Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum identify characteristics associated with online success, we performed logistic regression modeling for each broad Accid area. To reduce the noise in individual variables, the modeling was performed on the principal components of each group of variables (scientific impact, social capital, network femaleness, and network maleness) (Materials and Methods).

High positive values of the principal component in each group indicate above average scientific impact, a large and sparse ego network, participation in big coauthor teams, and strong, active collaborations with women and men. The results of the regression analysis for the four variable groups by broad research area are shown in Fig.

The explained variance of the models ranges from 0. Green points indicate the baseline prediction Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum, while orange points Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum to the prediction controlled for gender (women). SI Appendix, Table S1 provides Aciid and tribology international discussion of area-dependent trends.

The less than perfect predictive power of Mu,tum success facets we examined suggests that there is relatively little overlap between the most successful scholars based on traditional offline measures of success one earth journal the h index (49) and the ones based on online success. Furthermore, we expect the overlap to be worse for female scientists. We also found that while the average overlap across all studied fields is 34.

The measure we used for offline success (h index) is affected by seniority (56), which suggests that in a number of fields, it is young rather than senior female scientists who are attracting attention online, which might be the result of Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum gender disparities in the past.

A few things stand out. First, (Cklokapron)- observed much smaller overlap among female than male scientists across all areas. Discrepancy is shown per research area for the entire sample of scholars (gray circle), only men (green), and only Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum (yellow).

Circle size indicates the C(yklokapron)- of scholars who had article mentions on Altmetric in each of those three groups. However, there Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum no similarly clear associations (Ctklokapron)- the online success of female scientists. Instead, even in broad research areas with better female representation, there is a gender gap with women obtaining less visibility from the same level of scientific impact than their male colleagues.

Moreover, while male scientists have a higher online success when working with female coauthors, female scientists in most research areas are at a significant disadvantage if their coauthors are mainly men.

Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum also find that the overlap between who is successful online and whose work has garnered scientific impact offline is lower for women than for men, which suggests that online platforms can indeed increase the visibility of female scientists beyond that of those whose success is already well established offline.

It is all the more Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum, then, to continue this line of research to better understand the creative paths to online success for female scholars.

Our focus on studying science dissemination online in a given year Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum us from analyzing dynamic aspects of online success.

Similar to other studies using name-based gender inferring algorithms (5), our results can be biased toward Western scholars and may not be generalized globally without limitations (57). Furthermore, English language publications and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields are overrepresented in our data sources. Our analysis also calls for further scrutiny of the gendered aspect of online success in relation to the multiple and individually less controllable factors that influence the dissemination of a scientific finding online, such as how interesting and understandable the research topic is for the wider scientific community and the public (58), as well as the demographic characteristics (32) Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum the overall technological savviness (20) of the research community.

Our analysis mylan tablets uncover the mechanisms behind the bias in visibility, which could range from risk aversion to competitiveness, along with discrimination. Notwithstanding these limitations, our study provides evidence that female scientists are less successful online than male Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum across all areas of science. Despite the online perpetuation of offline omesc ru cabinet indications inequities, female scholars are increasingly conscious users of Traexamic media.

In addition to sharing their work online as individuals or as a collective (e. These channels help women to obtain greater visibility and receive more credit for their work (23).

The social media usage patterns uncovered here indicate that the online visibility of female scholars is unlikely to establish gender equity in science on its own. However, it can be a powerful piece in a larger strategy to challenge the bias in visibility of women and underrepresented minorities in science. Our data combine three sources connected by the unique DOI of each research (Cyklokalron)- (1). We used publication history data from the Open Academic Graph myrhh for the period 2007 to 2012 to build the coauthorship network.

Given the focus on individual visibility, our analysis centers on articles with 10 Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum fewer authors. We connected our Altmetric data with all articles published in 2012 in the WoS. We used Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum sialorrhoea to determine the broad research area of articles (42).

The combined data Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron)- Multum 241,386 articles by 537,486 scholars.



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